"UC Berkeley physics professor, Raphael Bousso, is trying to break down the mysteries of the universe with a concept called the holographic principle. Physicists stumbled on the idea while studying black holes. It is a concept, which ultimately questions whether the third dimension exists.I'm struck by the beauty of this idea, and its recent surge in popularity. What amazes me the most though is how echoes from Philip K Dick's late works keep resonating around these principles. You may think Dick was a genius, you may think he was insane (especially in his later life). I'm starting to think he knew something we don't:
"There's a real conflict between the way that we're thinking about the world right now, which is a very local way where everything happens independently in different regions of space and the way that we're going to have to think about it," said Bousso in an interview...
....The holographic principle uses the optical concept of holograms to try to visually explain the complex idea. Holograms are most often used on credit cards and are images that look three dimensional, but they exist on a two dimensional surface...
...The discovery ultimately says the concept shows the third dimension could be an illusion because complex calculations can't prove it exists. The recognition is a step of progress, but Bousso doesn't know where it will ultimately lead." - link
"As to our reality being a projected framework -- it appears to be a projection by an artifact, a computerlike teaching machine that guides, programs, and generally controls us as we act without awareness of it within our projected world. The artifact, which I call Zebra, has "created" (actually only projected) our reality as a sort of mirror or image of its maker, so that the maker can obtain thereby an objective standpoint to comprehend its own self. In other words, the maker (called by Jakob Bohme in 1616 the Urgrund) is motivated to seek an instrument for self-awareness, self-knowledge, an objective opinion or appraisal and comprehension of the nature of itself (it is a vast living organism, intrinsically -- without this mirror -- without qualities or aspects, which is why it needs the empirical world as a reflection by which to "see" itself).
It constructed a reality-projecting artifact (or demiurge; cf. Plato and the Gnostics), which then, on command, projected the first stage of the world we know. The artifact is unaware that it is an artifact; it is oblivious to the existence of the Urgrund (in terms that the artifact would understand, the Urgrund is not, rather than is), and imagines itself to be God, the only real God.For the moment let's forget the common use of the word 'God' here. It's meaning can be whatever you want it to be... Dick is not only matching some of the aspects of the 'holographic principle', but actually furthering them. In his ponderings, this reality is a projection from an artifact which in itself is only a copy of a higher level entity. We thus perceive only a projection of a copy, a simulacrum of the simulacra.
Studying our evolving reality, the Urgrund more and more adequately comprehends itself...." - link
Dick also alludes to another favourite pseudo-science notion of mine: the evolving universe.
If our reality is in some sense a 'holographic projection' of a more substantial state then as science uncovers this theory so it is beginning to lift the veil which hides truth.
"The nature of things in the habit of concealing itself..." - HeraclitusCould it be that our self-reflexive consciousness, in its evolution, is part of a higher function - that of fully realising the universe? Complexity through evolution is important because it fights with entropy (although entropy is sure to win in the end):
"Whenever life emerges on any planet, two great evolutionary trends begin.
The first trend is towards the formation of cooperative organizations of greater and greater scale. Human societies are currently the largest scale cooperative organizations of living processes on this planet. Our societies are made up of individuals who are in turn made up of trillions of cells that are in turn made up of the descendants of simpler cells.
Our societies are the result of many repetitions of a process in which living entities team up to form larger scale cooperatives. Self replicating molecular processes teamed up to form simple cells, they eventually teamed up to produce complex cells, they in turn teamed up to produce multicellular organisms such as bees, termites and humans, and they teamed up to produce societies.
Human cooperative groups began on a small scale as families, families teamed up to form bands, they teamed up to form tribes, tribes teamed up to form the first agricultural communities, they teamed up to form cities, and so on. Strikingly, the cooperative groups that arise at each step in this long evolutionary sequence become the organisms or entities that then team up to form the cooperative groups at the next step in the sequence.
Three thousand million years ago, cooperation extended only between molecular processes over some millionth of a metre, the scale of early cells. Now some forms of cooperation extend between human organisms over some 12 million metres, the scale of the planet - and over some 380 million metres when there are moon landings" - linkThe gas from the big-bang has coalesced over countless millenia to a stage where it is now able to perceive that it once was inhert gas in the first place! Let's go a bit Kurzweillian here and postulate that this increase in cooperation and complexity will continue exponentially. Human manipulation of AI systems, nanotechnology and genetics could, in theory, produce whole reams of new forms of conscious complexity. At the fundamental level nano-machines could interact even semi-consciously with one another to mould base-matter into yet more computational, self-reflexive devices. In this view the universe is engineering itself a way to fully realise its nature.
We now perceive a level of reality strictly removed from that of a cloud of hydrogen, a star system, a vat of amino-acids, an amoeba, a beetle, a mouse, an ape and through this evolution in the complexity of the universe's perception of itself reality has come more into focus.
The hologram is being deconstructed, for what end I dare not posit, but I'm more than glad to be along for the ride...
Definitely check out some Philip K Dick if you haven't before, many of his essays concerning the nature of things can be found in:
The Shifting Realities of Philip K Dick
and more on his life here...
And for a glimpse of what cosmological evolution could mean for the future of reality PLEASE read my all-time favourite science fiction book:
Star Maker by Olaf Stapledon
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